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Murshidabad District index

Official Website : http://murshidabad.gov.in

Headquarters : Murshidabad
State : West Bengal

Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
Total : 5324
Rural : 5048.06
Urban : 275.94

Population (Census 2011)
Population : 7103807
Rural : 5703115
Urban : 1400692
Male : 3627564
Female : 3476243
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) : 958
Density (Total, Persons per sq km) : 1334

Official language : Bangali, Hindi

Helplines :
Air ambulance +91 9540161344.
Police 100
Fire 101
Ambulance 102
Traffic Police 103
Anti Corruption Helpline 1031
Emergency Relief Centre on National Highways 1033
State level helpline for Health 104
Hospital On Wheels 104
Anti-poison 1066
Central Relief Commissioner for Natural Calamities 1070
Relief Commissioners of Central/State/Union territory 1070
Air Accident 1071
Train accident 1072
Road Accident 1073
Traffic Help Line 1073
Control room of District Collector/Magistrate 1077
Disaster management 108
Anti terror Helpline/Alert All India 1090
Women in Distress 1091
Earth-quake Help line service 1092
Natural disaster control room 1096
AIDS helpline 1097
AIDS help line service 1097
Child abuse hotline 1098
Central Accident and Trauma Services 1099
Catastrophe & Trauma service 1099
General emergency Department of Telecommunications (DoT) 112
All in one Emergency Number 112
LIC Of India 1251
Public Grievance Cell Telecom Circle HQs 12727
Indian Railway General Enquiry 1320, 131, 1321
For any theft or harassment, nuisance caused due to smoking or alcohol consumption on train 1322
Indian Railway Security Helpline 1322
Railway Helpline for Arrival/Departure and Reservation services 133
Railway Enquiry 139
Indian Airlines 1407
Air India ( Confirmation / Cancellation Enquiry)(Called Party) 1414
for any queries related to landline telephone, ISDN etc. Also accessible from CellOne, Excel & Tarang phones 1500
Railway 1512
Kisan Call Center 1551
Military Police Help Line 155200
Indian Oil Help Line 155233
Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) 155255 / 1800 4254732
Water Board 155313
Electricity Complaints 155333
Trunk booking 1580
Trunk assistance 1581
STD complaints 1582
National Directory Enquiry (NDQ) Service 1583
International trunk booking 1586
International trunk enquiry 1587
International Trunk delay information 1588
Telex complaints 1589
Free Phone Enquiry 1600
India Telephone Card Enquiry 1602
Billing complaint center 166 / 1660-69
Billing Complaint Center 1671-73
Weather Enquiry 1717
Maritime Search and Rescue control room of coastal guard 1718
Drug de-addiction 1800-11-0031
National Consumer Helpline 1800-11-4000
MyGov Toll Free Number for MannKiBaat for ideas and suggestions 1800-11-7800
IRCTC Help Line 1800-111-139
National Health Helpline 1800-180-1104
Anti Ragging-Emails at helpline@antiragging.in 1800-180-5522
Mann Ki Baat on the toll-free number 1800-3000-780
Domestic abuse and sexual violence-Women's Helpline 181
Indian Army Help Line 1904
LPG emergency helpline number 1906
Blood bank Information 1910
Dial a doctor 1911
Tourist Office (Govt.of India) 1913
Water Supply Complain 1916
Leased Circuits Fault Booking 1918
Eye Donation 1919
Eye bank information service 1919
Aadhar Card-UIDAI (Unique idenditification authority of india),1800-180-1947 1947
Election Commission of India 1950
Change number announcement (Hindi) 1951
Changed number announcement (English) 1952
Changed number announcement (Regional language) 1953
Changed number announcement (in case of shift) 1954
Sancharnet Internet Help desk service 1957
Leased Circuit Fault Booking (WTR) 1958
Aaykar Sampark Kendra (ASK) 1961
Directory enquiry service 197
Telephone Complaint Booking 198

Population (Census 2010) :
The current world population is 7.6 billion (As of 1st July 2018)

Click on the following link to download district statistics as per NITI Ayog website
http://niti.gov.in/file/441/download?token=pAAyZLd6

Brief About Murshidabad District

Richness of History :
The district got its present name in the early eighteenth century and its present shape in the latter half of the eighteenth century, the earliest evidences of history in the district date back to the pre-historic days perhaps as early as circa 1500 B.C.

The capital city of Sasanka, the great king of Gouda (comprising the most of Bengal) in the seventh century AD and perhaps that of Mahipala, one of the later Pala kings of Bengal, were in this district too. The Nawab Murshid Quli Khan made Murshidabad the capital city of Sube Bangla, comprising of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The East India Company reigned from here for many years after the Battle of Plassey; Travellers extolled its glory through ages.

Here thrived the cultures of many races and of religions like Buddhism, Brahmanism, Vaishnavism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity. Here settled the European traders like the Dutch, the British, the French and the Armenians.

The Land
The great river Bhagirathi has bifurcated the triangle shaped district and has divided it into two broad historical and geographical regions.

I) The Radha Area – This is the area on the right side of the Bhagirathi having the pre-dominant geographical character of a plateau. It was also known as Gouda.

II) The Bagdi Area – This is the area on the left side of the river formed by the Gangetic alluvial deposits. It was also known as Bangal. This area was formed later than the Radha.
The Age of Pre-History and Proto-History
During the excavation of the irrigation-cum-navigational channel from the Ganga in 1974, just to the North-East of Farakka Barrage, evidence of ancient civilization was found.

I) The Pre-Maurya Era 
The first mention of the Radha region is found in the Jaina scripture Acharanga Sutra. The scripture mentions a visit to the Radha by Mahavira in the 6th century BC. Probably he did not visit Murshidabad but possibly visited Radha areas under Birbhum and Bankura districts. However Bimbisara (6th century BC) or later the Nandas might have brought Radha and Bagdi areas of Murshidabad within their empire. 
 
II) The Maurya Era
Chandragupta Maurya (324-300 BC) established the Maurya Empire by ousting the Nandas. Though the Chinese traveler Hiuen-Tsang made references of Ashoka stupas at Karnasuvarna it cannot be said with certainty whether this district area formed part of the Maurya Empire at any time.
 
III) The Post-Maurya Era
Whether this area was under the rule of the post-Maurya empires like the Shungas, Kanvas or Kushanas cannot be ascertained. However, some Kushana coins have been found at Rajbari Danga; but findings of these coins do not necessarily imply occupation. 

Excavations at Rajbari Danga: Excavations at Rajbari Danga near Karnasubarna Railway Station were done by the Archaeology Department of the Kolkata University in 1962, 1964 & 1979. They revealed evidence of civilizations in four layers dating back to the 2nd- 3rd Century AD and up to the 2nd- 3rd Century AD. 
 
IV) The Gupta Era (AD 4th Century to 6th Century) 
It can be said with some certainly that areas of this district were under the rule of the Gupta, which might have continued up to the early 6th Century AD. 
There is evidence of this in the chronicles of the Chinese traveler I-Tsing (AD 673 – 675), the Allahabad Pillar Edict of Samudragupta (AD 335 – 338), Damodarpur copper plate of Chadragupta-II, Brihatsamhita (5th century AD) of Barahamihira. Besides, there are archeological evidence within the district, like Gupta coins found at Rajbari Danga, Gitagram (near Salar) and Gouripur (near Mahipala).
 
V) The Gouda Kingdom and Sasanka
The Gupta suzerainty over Gauda or Gaudaka (as mentioned in Brihatsamhita) became merely nominal by the 6th century AD. From the Haraha inscription of Maukhari King Ishanavarma dated AD 554

 

 
You are just 1 person and there are 7.6 billion persons in this world. But YOU have a definite role 
Please lift at least 1 person from below the poverty line to above the poverty line in your life or registered WILL    
Bhau made us realise : Vishwachi Maze Ghar
28.08.2013
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