Great discoveries and inventions by greats 
Newcaledonia Howland Island Coralsea Islands Bermuda Eritrea Pacific Ocean Comoros Cape Verde Sao Tome &  Principe Syrian Arab Republic Southern Ocean Indian Ocean Samoa Oman India (Andaman & Nikobar) Nauru Solomon Islands Morocco Walls and futuna Papua New Guinea St Vincent & Grena.. Palestinian Territory Kosovo Montenegro Liechtenstein Malawai Cambodia Rwanda Equatorial Guinea Cameroon Guinea Guinea Bissau Lebanon Cyprus Macedonia Moldova Serbia Hungary Slovakia Czech Republic Bosnia & Herzegovina Croatia Slovenia Switzerland Luxembourg Belgium Netherlands Togo Tonga Fiji Tuvalu Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia New Zealand Vanuatu Timor-Leste Palau Philippines Japan South Korea North Korea Taiwan Indonesia Christmas Island Cocos Islands Singapore Malaysia Brunei Vietnam Thailand Laos Myanmar Russian Fed. Mongolia China Bhutan Nepal Sri Lanka Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Pakistan Iran Iraq Saudi Arabia Yemen Israel Egypt Sudan South Sudan Somalia Uganda Kenya Mauritius Madagascar Burundi Demo. Rep. of Congo Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe Mozambique Swaziland Lesotho South Africa Botswana Namibia Congo Gabon Central African Rep. Chad Nigeria Niger Mali Burkina Faso Ivorycoast Liberia Sierra Leone Gambia Senegal Mauritania Western Sahara Libya Malta Tunisia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Belarus Ukraine Romania Bulgaria Turkey Greece Italy Vatican City Spain Monaco San Marino France Germany Poland Denmark Finland Sweden Norway Ireland United Kingdom Janmayen Iceland South Georgia Falkland Islands Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Greenland Benin Ghana United Arab Emirates South Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean Kiribati Arctic ocean American Samoa French Polynesia Suriname Canada Puerto Rico USA Belize Mexico Uruguay Paraguay Bolivia Brazil Guyana Venezuela Grenada Chile Peru Ecuador Colombia Panama Costarica Nicaragua El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Dominica Saint kitts & nevis trinidad & Tobago Cuba Haiti Dominican Republic Saint Lucia Barbados Bangladesh Jordan Bahrain Bahamas Maldives India Kazakhstan Georgia Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Azerbaijan Austria Australia Australia Ethiopia Djibouti Qatar Kuwait Armenia Argentina Antigua & barbuda/ Angola Portugal Andorra Albania Algeria Afghanistan
Great discoveries and inventions by greats 
Aeroplane
Discovery : Wright Brothers

Air Brake
Discovery : George Westinghouse

Air Pump
Discovery : Otto Von Guericke

Airship (Rigid)
Discovery : G. Ferdinand Von Zeppelin

Aniline Dyes
Discovery : Hoffman

Antiseptic Surgery
Discovery : Lord Joseph Lister

Arc Lamp
Discovery : C. F. Brush

Archimedean Screw
Discovery : Archimedies

Atom
Discovery : Neils Bohr

Atomic Number
Discovery : Mosley

Atomic Physics
Discovery : Enrico Fermi

Atomic Structure
Discovery : Bohr And Rutherford

Atomic Theory
Discovery : Dalton

Automatic Gearbox
Discovery : Hermann Fottinger

Automobile
Discovery : Daimler

Automobiles Using Gasoline
Discovery : Karl Benz

Avogadro’s Hypothesis
Discovery : Avogadro

Bacteriology
Discovery : Robert Koch

Bacteriophage
Discovery : Max Delbruck

Bakelite
Discovery : Leo H Baekeland

Balloon
Discovery : Jacques And Joseph Montgolfier

Ball - Point Pen
Discovery : John J. Loud

Barometer
Discovery : Evangelista Torricelli

Behaviorism
Discovery : B. F. Skinner

Beriberi
Discovery : Eijkman

Bicycle
Discovery : Kirkpatrick Macmillan

Bicycle Tyre
Discovery : J. B. Dunlop

Bifocal Lens
Discovery : Benjamin Franklin

Binomial Nomenclature
Discovery : Carl Linnaeus

Biogenetic Principle
Discovery : Ernst Haeckel

Bismuth
Discovery : Valentine

Blood Circulation
Discovery : Harvey

Blood Groups
Discovery : Karl Landsteiner

Bomb
Discovery : Edward Teller

Boson
Discovery : S. N. Bose

Boyle’s Law
Discovery : Boyle

Braille
Discovery : Louis Braille

Breaking Up The Nucleus Of An Atom
Discovery : Rutherford

Calculating Machine
Discovery : Pascal

Camera
Discovery : George Eastman

Carburetor
Discovery : Gottlieb Daimler

Carburettor
Discovery : Gottlieb Daimler

Cash Register
Discovery : William Burroughs

Cell Doctrine
Discovery : Rudolf Virchow

Celluloid
Discovery : A. Parker

Cement
Discovery : Joseph Aspdin

Cenema
Discovery : A. L. And J. L. Lumiere

Centrigrade Scale
Discovery : A. Celsius

Chemical Structure
Discovery : August Kekule

Chemotherapy
Discovery : Paul Ehrlich

Child Development
Discovery : Jean Piaget

Chloroform
Discovery : James Harrison And James Young Simpson

Cholera
Discovery : Bacillus Robert Koch

Chromosomal
Discovery : Theory Of Heredity Thomas Hunt Morgan

Chronometer
Discovery : John Harrison

Cine Camera
Discovery : Friese-Greene

Cinematograph
Discovery : Thomas Alva Edison

Cinematography
Discovery : Thomas Alva Edison

Circulation Of The Blood
Discovery : William Harvey

Classical Field Theory
Discovery : Michael Faraday

Clock (Machanical)
Discovery : Hsing And Ling-Tsan

Clock (Pendulum)
Discovery : C. Hugyens

Coloured Photography
Discovery : Lippman

Computer
Discovery : Charles Babbage

Continental Drift
Discovery : Alfred Wegener

Cosmic Rays
Discovery : R. A. Millikan

Crescograph
Discovery : J.C.Bose

Crystal Dynamics
Discovery : C.V.Raman

Cyclotron
Discovery : Lawrence

D.D.T.
Discovery : Dr.Paul Muller

Deciphering The Genetic Code
Discovery : Dr.Hargobiad Khorana

Deuterium(Heavy Water)
Discovery : H.C.Urey

Diesel Engine
Discovery : Rudolf Diesel

Diesel Oil Engine
Discovery : Rudolf Diesel

Difference Engine
Discovery : Charles Babbage

Drinker’s Chamber Of Iron Lung
Discovery : Dr.Philip Drinker

Dynamical Theory Of Heat
Discovery : Lord Kelvin

Dynamite
Discovery : Alfred B. Nobel

Dynamo
Discovery : Michael Faraday

Effect Of Pressure On Trough Bodies
Discovery : Meghnad Saha

Eightfold Way
Discovery : Murray Gell-Mann

Electric Battery
Discovery : Alessandro Volta

Electric Flat
Discovery : Iron H. W. Seeley

Electric Furnace
Discovery : William Siemens

Electric Generator
Discovery : Michael Faraday

Electric Guitar
Discovery : Adolph Rickenbacker

Electric Iron
Discovery : H.W. Seeley

Electric Lamp
Discovery : Thomas Alva Edison

Electric Measurement
Discovery : Gauss

Electric Motor(AC)
Discovery : Nikola Tesla

Electric Razor
Discovery : Jacob Schick

Electrical Waves
Discovery : Heitz

Electricity
Discovery : Faraday

Electromagnet
Discovery : William Sturgeon

Electromagnetic
Discovery : Field James Clerk Maxwell

Electromagnetic
Discovery : Theory Maxwell

Electron
Discovery : Joseph J. Thomson

Electron
Discovery : Theory Bohr

Electronic(Computer)
Discovery : Dr. Alan M. Turing

Electrons
Discovery : J.J.Thomson

Elevator
Discovery : Elisha G. Otis

Energy Of The Sun
Discovery : Hans Bethe

Equal Sign(=)
Discovery : Robert Recorde

Ethology
Discovery : Konrad Lorenz

Eugenics
Discovery : Francis Galton

Evolution(Theory)
Discovery : Charles Darwin

Evolution
Discovery : Charles Darwin

Evolutionary
Discovery : Theory Ernst Mayr

Fahrenheit Scale
Discovery : Fahrenheit

Film And Photographic Goods
Discovery : Kodak

Film (With Sound)
Discovery : Dr. Lee De Forest

Foundations Of Biology
Discovery : Jean Baptiste Lamarck

Foundations Of Mathematics
Discovery : Euclid

Founding Of Modern Physiology
Discovery : Claude Bernard

Founding Of Psychology
Discovery : Wilhelm Wundt

Fountain Pen
Discovery : Lewis E. Waterman

Fundamental Laws Of Electric
Discovery : Attraction Coulomb

Galvanometer
Discovery : Andre-Marie Ampere

Gas Lighting
Discovery : William Murdoch

Gasoline Engine
Discovery : Karl Benz

Genetic Code
Discovery : Frederick Sanger

Geometry
Discovery : Euclid

Germ Theory Of Disease
Discovery : Louis Pasteur

Glider
Discovery : Sir George Caley

Gramophone
Discovery : Thomas Alva Edison

Gun Powder
Discovery : Rogei Bacon

Heavens
Discovery : William Herschel

Heavy Hydrogen
Discovery : Urey

Helicopter
Discovery : Broquett

Heliocentric Universe
Discovery : Nicolaus Copernicus

Helium Gas
Discovery : Lockyer

Homoeopathy
Discovery : Hahnemann

Hovercraft
Discovery : Christopher Cockerell

Human Sexuality
Discovery : Alfred Kinsey

Hydrogen
Discovery : Cavendish

Hydrophobia
Discovery : Louis Pasteur

I.Q. Test
Discovery : Alfred Binet

In Number Theory
Discovery : Ramanujam

Incandescent Bulb
Discovery : Edison

Induction Coil
Discovery : Rohm Korff

Induction Of Electric Current
Discovery : Faraday

Insulin
Discovery : F.Banting

Intelligence Test
Discovery : Binet

Internal Combustion
Discovery : Engine Otto

Jeans
Discovery : Levi Strauss

Jet Engine
Discovery : Sir Frank Whittle

Jet Propulsion
Discovery : Frank Whittle

Kala-Azar Fever
Discovery : U.N.Brahmachari

Kaleidoscope
Discovery : David Brewster

Laboratory Gas Burner
Discovery : Robert Wilhelm Von Bunsen

Laughing Gas
Discovery : Priestley

Law Of Electrolysis
Discovery : Faraday

Law Of Gases
Discovery : Gay Lussac

Laws Of Electrical Resistance
Discovery : Ohm

Laws Of Gravitation
Discovery : Newton

Laws Of Heredity Gregory
Discovery : Mandel

Laws Of Inheritance Gregor
Discovery : Mendel

Laws Of Motion
Discovery : Newton

Laws Of Multiple Proportion
Discovery : Dalton

Laws Of Natural Selections
Discovery : Darwin

Laws Of Planetary
Discovery : Motion Kepler

Life Boat Henry
Discovery : Great Head

Lift (Elevators)
Discovery : Otis

Lift
Discovery : E.G. Otis

Lightning Conductor
Discovery : Benjamin Franklin

Line Of Demarcation (Ship)
Discovery : Plimsoll

Linotype
Discovery : Mergenthaler

Liquid Oxygen
Discovery : Dewar

Locomotive
Discovery : Richard Trevithick

Logarithmic Tables
Discovery : John Napier

Logarithms
Discovery : John Napier

Machine Gun
Discovery : Dr. Richard Gatling

Malarial Parasite
Discovery : Ronald Ross

Match (Safety)
Discovery : J.E. Lurdstrom

Mathematical Astro Physics
Discovery : Chandrasekhar

Mathematical Genius
Discovery : Carl Gauss (Karl Friedrich Gauss)

Mauve
Discovery : Dye Perkin

Measurement Of Electrical Energy Joule
Discovery : James Prescoft

Mechanical Equivalent Of Heat
Discovery : Joules

Mercury Thermometer
Discovery : Fahrenheit

Meson Hideki
Discovery : Yakawa

Microphone
Discovery : Johann Phillip Reis, Alexander Graham Bell, Elisha Gray, Amos E. Dolbear, And Thomas Edison

Microscopic Anatomy
Discovery : Marcello Malpighi

Modern Anthropology
Discovery : Franz Boas

Modern Astronomy
Discovery : Arthur Eddington

Modern Computer
Discovery : John Von Neumann

Modern Geology
Discovery : Charles Lyell

Modern Physiology
Discovery : William Bayliss

Modern Synthesis
Discovery : Theodosius Dobzhansky

Modern Telescope
Discovery : Edwin Hubble

Molecular Biology
Discovery : Francis Crick

Molecular Scattering Of Light In Fluid
Discovery : Ramanathan

Montessori Method
Discovery : Maria Montessori

Motion Of The Planets
Discovery : Johannes Kepler

Motor Car (Petrol)
Discovery : Karl Butler

Movie Projector
Discovery : Thomas Alva Edison

Neon Gas
Discovery : Ramsay Travers

Neon-Lamp
Discovery : G. Claude

Neurophysiology
Discovery : Charles Sherrington

Neutron
Discovery : Chadwick

New Anatomy
Discovery : Andreas Vesalius

New Astronomy
Discovery : Tycho Brahe

New Science
Discovery : Galileo Galilei

Newtonian Mechanics
Discovery : Pierre Simon De Laplace

Newtonian Revolution
Discovery : Isaac Newton

North Pole
Discovery : Robert Peary (1909)

Nuclear Fission
Discovery : Otto Hahn, Bohr And Fermi

Nylon
Discovery : Dr. Wallace H. Carothers

Nylon
Discovery : Plastic Carothers

Organic Chemistry
Discovery : Emil Fischer

Origin Of Species
Discovery : Charles Darwin

Oxygen
Discovery : Priestly

Paints
Discovery : Shalimar

Paper Clip
Discovery : Johann Vaaler

Parking Meter
Discovery : Carlton Mcgee

Penicillin
Discovery : Alexander Fleming

Periodic Law
Discovery : Mendeleef

Periodic Table Of Elements
Discovery : Dmitri Mendeleev

Pharmacology Gertrude
Discovery : Belle Elion

Phonograph
Discovery : Edison

Photograph
Discovery : Dauguerre

Photography(Paper)
Discovery : W.H. Fox Tablot

Phototherapy
Discovery : N.R.Finsen

Pneumatic Tyres
Discovery : John Boyd Dunlop

Positive Electrons
Discovery : Anderson

Power Loom
Discovery : Edmund Cartwright

Powerloom
Discovery : Cartwright

Principle For Lever
Discovery : (S.P.Gravity) Archimedes

Printing For The Blind
Discovery : Braille

Printing Press
Discovery : Johannes Gutenberg

Psycho-Analysis
Discovery : Dr.Sigmund Freud

Psychology Of The Unconscious
Discovery : Sigmund Freud

Quanta
Discovery : Max Planck

Quantum Cosmology
Discovery : Stephen Hawking

Quantum Electrodynamics
Discovery : Richard Feynman

Quantum Mechanics
Discovery : Max Born

Quantum Theory
Discovery : Max Plank

Quantum Theory
Discovery : Werner Heisenberg

Raazor (Safety)
Discovery : K.G. Gillete

Rabies Vaccine
Discovery : Louis Pasteur

Radar
Discovery : Dr. A.H. Taylor And L.C. Young

Radio
Discovery : G. Marconi

Radio Transmitter
Discovery : Alexanderson

Radioactive Dating
Discovery : Willard Libby

Radioactivity
Discovery : Marie Curie

Radio-Activity Of Uranium
Discovery : Henry Becquerel

Radium
Discovery : Madame Curie

Railway Engine
Discovery : Stephenson

Raincoat
Discovery : Charles Macintosh

Raman Effect
Discovery : C.V.Raman

Rare Gas
Discovery : Cavandish

Rayon American
Discovery : Viscose Co.

Razor (Electric)
Discovery : Col. J. Schick

Refrigerator
Discovery : James Harrison, Alexander Catlin

Replacing Human Heart
Discovery : Christian Barnard

Revolution In Chemistry
Discovery : Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

Revolver
Discovery : Samuel Colt

Rise Of German Science
Discovery : Hermann Von Helmholtz

Rubber (Vulcanized)
Discovery : Charles Goodyear

Rubber (Waterproof)
Discovery : Charles Macintosh

Safety Lamp
Discovery : Sir Humphrey Davy

Safety Pin
Discovery : William Hurst

Safety Razor King
Discovery : C. Gillette

Salk Vaccine
Discovery : Salk

Saxophone
Discovery : Antoine Joseph Sax

Scientific Astronomy
Discovery : Hippalus

Scientific Thinking
Discovery : Lucretius

Scooter
Discovery : G. Bradshaw

Seismograph
Discovery : Roberts Mallet

Sewing Machine
Discovery : Thomas Saint

Sextant
Discovery : Hadley

Ship (Steam)
Discovery : J.C. Perier

Ship (Turbine)
Discovery : Sir Charles Parsons

Shorthand
Discovery : Sir Isaac Pitman

Sociobiology
Discovery : Edward O. Wilson

Solar System
Discovery : Copernicus (1540)

South Pole
Discovery : Amundson (1912)

Soviet Genetics
Discovery : Trofim Lysenko

Space Flying
Discovery : Braun, Dr.Wernher Von

Specific Gravity
Discovery : Archimedes

Spectroscope
Discovery : Bunsen

Spectroscopy
Discovery : Gustav Kirchhoff

Spinning Frame
Discovery : Sir Richard Arkwight

Spinning Jenny
Discovery : James Hargreaves

Stainless Steel
Discovery : Harry Brearley

Steam Boat
Discovery : Fulton

Steam Engine(Condenser)
Discovery : James Watt

Steam Engine(Piston)
Discovery : Thomas Newcome

Steam Engine
Discovery : James Watt

Steam Turbine
Discovery : Parsons

Steel Melting Process
Discovery : Bessemer

Steel Production
Discovery : Henry Bessemer

Stethoscope
Discovery : Dr. William Stokes, Rene Laennec

Stress Concept
Discovery : Hans Selye

Structural Anthropology
Discovery : Claude Levi-Strauss

Structure Of DNA
Discovery : James Watson

Structure Of The Atom
Discovery : Ernest Rutherford

Submarine
Discovery : David Bushnell

Sulpha Drugs
Discovery : Domagk

Superconductivity
Discovery : Heike Kamerlingh

Symbiosis Theory
Discovery : Lynn Margulis

Symbol
Discovery : William Oughtred

T.N.T.
Discovery : Llly Brandt

Talkies
Discovery : Lee-De-Frost

Tank
Discovery : Sir Ernest Swington

Telegraph
Discovery : Samuel Morse

Telegraphic Code
Discovery : Samuel Morse

Telephone
Discovery : Sir Alexander Graham Bell

Telescope
Discovery : Galileo

Television (Mechanical)
Discovery : John Logie Baird

Television
Discovery : Baird

Tempo Of Evolution
Discovery : George Gaylord Simpson

Terylene
Discovery : J. Whinfield And H. Dickson

The Long Playing Microgroove Record
Discovery : Peter Goldmark

Theory Of Conditioned Reflex
Discovery : Pavlov

Theory Of Evolution
Discovery : Darwin

Theory Of Relativity
Discovery : Einstein

Theory Of The Atom
Discovery : John Dalton

Thermodynamics
Discovery : Ludwig Boltzmann

Thermometer
Discovery : Galileo Gallei

Thermos Flasks
Discovery : Dewar

Tractor
Discovery : J. Froelich

Transformer
Discovery : Michael Faraday

Transistor
Discovery : Bardeen, Shockley, Brattain

Typewriter
Discovery : C. Sholes

Uranium Fusion
Discovery : Oho Hahn

Uranus (Planet)
Discovery : Herschel William

Vaccination
Discovery : Edward Jenner

Valve Of Radio
Discovery : Sir J.A. Fleming

Vitamin A
Discovery : Elmer V. Mccollum And M. Davis

Vitamin B
Discovery : Elmer V. Mccollum

Vitamin B1
Discovery : Casimir Funk

Vitamin B2
Discovery : D. T. Smith, E. G. Hendrick

Vitamin B6
Discovery : Paul Gyorgy

Vitamin C
Discovery : James Lind

Vitamin D
Discovery : Edward Mellanby

Vitamin E
Discovery : Herbert Evans And Katherine Bishop

Vitamin Folic Acid
Discovery : Lucy Wills

Vitamin Niacin
Discovery : Conrad Elvehjem

Vitamins
Discovery : Hopkins And Funk

Vulcanised Rubber
Discovery : Charles Goodyear

Washing Soda
Discovery : Lablanc

Watch
Discovery : A.L. Breguet

Waterproof Rubber
Discovery : Charles Macintosh

Wave Mechanics
Discovery : Erwin Schrodinger

Wave Theory Of Light
Discovery : Christiaan Huygens

Wave/Particle
Discovery : Duality Louis Victor De Broglie

West Indies
Discovery : Columbus (1492)

Wireless Communication
Discovery : Oliver Lodge

Wireless Telegraphy
Discovery : Marcony

World Wide
Discovery : Web And Hypertext Markup Language Tim Berners Lee

X - Rays
Discovery : Roentgen

X-Ray
Discovery : Crystallography Max Von Laue

X-Ray
Discovery : Wilhelm Reontgen

Zerox Machine
Discovery : Chester Carlson

Zip Fastener
Discovery : W. L. Judson

Zipper
Discovery : B. F. Goodrich